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四位院士力挺中医:中医解决了很多西医解决不了的问题,不能把老祖宗的东西丢了!

2018-06-29 01:47:56 占豪 阅读(2820)

「导读」四位院士力挺中医

几年前,国外抢注中医古方的新闻曾引起不少热议,2001年,日本一家公司向美国申请了治疗溃疡性结肠炎的专利,明确对以芍药为活性成分的包括加味逍遥散、当归芍药汤、芍药甘草汤、桂枝茯苓丸4个复方进行保护,并且获得了授权。日本还无偿商业化开发中国《伤寒杂病论》、《金匮要略方》中的210个古方。在这些古方被别人逐渐申请专利、针灸被很多西方国家接受的同时,国内很多人还在纠结中医是不是真的管用?根据公开报道和演讲,国内四位现代医学大家力挺中医!”

中国科学院院士 韩启德(分子药理与心血管专家)

中国工程院院士 钟南山(呼吸内科专家)

中国工程院院士 汤钊猷(肿瘤专家)

中国工程院院士 樊代明(消化外科专家)

韩启德院士:中医不科学不代表不正确

我不太同意中医是科学。中医是人的艺术,是我们要大力推崇的,中医能看好病,无可非议;中医要大力推广,要继承发扬,毫无问题。中医凭感觉、凭经验,但是说有没有经过实证?有。经过两三千年绵延不绝,中华民族繁荣昌盛,大量的病都看好了,这是事实。

我在农村当医生的时候,也学了中医,我给人看病,学了九个月就用中医,后来找我看中医的人不比找我看西医的人少。中医是好的,但不一定是科学的。科学并不在于正确,不科学不说明它不正确,不好。

我们对科学要有正确的理解,不要把科学跟绝对正确联系起来。科学只是我们人类文明发展到公元1500年以后,在这几百年里面,一部分地球人所认定的一种体系。而中医是我们中华民族几千年来所认定的体系,为什么一定要把两个体系去完全等同起来呢?我们应该有这个自信,也应该吸收互相之间的长处。

要学习中医的接诊之道

现在的西医几乎已经不碰病人了,裘法祖先生在世的时候提到一个故事,说一个病人肚子疼,找到他,他让到检查床摸了一下他肚子,这个病人就感动得掉眼泪,说你是我看的第六个医生,前面五个医生都没有碰过我一下肚子。我们西医已经到了这个地步!完全靠设备,完全靠人为确定的指标来解决问题。尽管有它很好的能解决问题的地方,但是确实离开病人越来越远,这就容易造成矛盾。

不说别的因素,中医来说首先要把脉,医生的手搭到了病人的手,如果再加上一个笑容,病人的感觉跟我等了几个小时,看到医生头都不抬,化验单一开检查去,感觉很不一样。

我看中医的体会就是中医容易跟病人搞好关系。西医来问你怎么不舒服?我也不知道怎么不舒服,就是难受。西医看所有检查都没有问题,然后说你没病,病人不生气吗?我要你干吗?我就是难受,你说我没病?中医不会这样,我当中医,病人刚走进来我就知道他大概是什么问题,然后坐下来,在农村的时候,妇女坐下来给你一个胳膊,什么也不说,我就知道她要我把脉是不是怀孕了。

中西医不要互相排斥

西医因为是现代科学,确实解决了很多问题,跟一百多年前比解决了很多很多的问题。但是,一方面离解决人类所有的疾病,预防、治疗还差得很远。另一方面,整个现代医学有点忘记了医学的最根本是人,我们开始把人当作机器,当作局部,忘了人是会思想的,什么东西都看片子,看化验,所以现代技术的发展使我们开始远离人文,这是非常危险的倾向。

中国人应该有这个志气,得天独厚的是我们有中医这个宝库,尽管它很不完善,需要有现代科学不断使它更好的发展,但是就现代医学方面,我们跟现代西方国家有什么差别呢?我们有自己独特的东西为什么不能应用呢?

我们中国人应该有志气,把中医和西医里面最优秀的成份给它结合起来,创造出真正的现代医学,什么东西都要往前发展,如果不发展,不管是现代医学还是中医都是没有出路的,都要往前发展。


樊代明院士:中医比肩现代医学且不可替代

中医不用“挺”,它自己“挺”了几千年,需要我们好好去学。学中医不是否定西医;就像说西医好,一定不要随便说中医不好。对此,我有四句话:

一是在人类历史上,中医药学从未像今天这样受到强调和尊重;

二是在世界医学领域中,中医药学已发展成唯一可与现代医学(西医药学)比肩的第二大医学体系;

三是中医药解决了很多西医解决不了的问题,显示其不可替代性;

四是中医药学必然成为未来医学发展和整合医学时代的主要贡献者。

第一句话,屠呦呦研究员获2015年诺贝尔医学或生理学奖,是当今国际主流医学界对中医药学价值的认可,这种认可程度前所未有!

第二句话。在人类文明发展史上,各种医学不断产生又不断消亡,唯有中医药学有完整的理论基础与临床体系,历经风雨不倒,不断发展完善,为中华民族繁衍壮大做出巨大贡献。即使在西医占主导地位的当下,中医药依然以其显著疗效和独特魅力,在越来越多国家掀起了经久不息的“中医热”。

甚至在有的领域,中医药学远远走在了现代医学的前面。比如,对于顽固性腹泻,西医一直没有什么有效手段,直到近几年在国外兴起的用肠菌移植治疗法,才明显提升了疗效。而在几千年前的中国医学典籍如《肘后方》《黄帝内经》,甚至更早时期,即有记载“口服胎粪”等类似疗法。

再如,现代医学认为,人的生命力中午12点最强,夜里12点最弱。我年轻时当住院医生值夜班时就发现,半夜去世的病人最多。这不就是国际上已经认可的我们中医的“子午流注”么?

再看第三句话,临床中这方面例子不胜枚举。比如,西医急腹症手术能解决急症救人性命,但术后肠胀气有时很难解决,严重影响手术效果。针灸就能搞定!当年尼克松访华,有一位美国记者来华打前站,不巧突发阑尾炎,在协和医院做了手术。手术本身很成功,但术后肠胀气解决不了,后来是针灸给解决的。这位记者回国后写了篇报道反响很大,直接推动了针灸进入美国等很多西方国家。

第四句话,中医药学必然成为未来医学发展和整合医学时代的主要贡献者。现代医学发展之路有些走偏了,离“科学”越来越近,离“病人”越来越远;医学研究越来越纠结于微观,离整体越来越远。现代医学需要向中医药学学习,来帮助自己“纠偏”。在此基础上,两者整合可以形成一个从整体出发、重点关注“人”的、真正有效保证人类健康的新的医学体系。

我们西医不能也不应该看不起中医!至于有些既不太懂科学、又不太懂医学的议论,不要太在意。有人说真理越辩越明,我看还要以实践说话、疗效说话!


钟南山院士:中医药可贵之处在于治未病

中医药最可贵之处是“治未病”,调节改善全身的功能状态,最突出的是注重整体的理念,广东的国医大师邓铁涛是我的老朋友,他100岁了,每天还在打八段锦。中医保健是很可取的。

不过中医保健要多做临床观察,举个例子,不少人喜欢广东新会的陈皮茶,认为喝这种茶有助于将吸入体内的灰霾排出,它是否真的有用?我们最近在做动物实验,观察它们服食前后气道反应和分泌物的情况,从而进行对比。这样的临床观察既有趣,也能促进药物研发。

现在越来越多的西医开始临床使用中医药,相信这是一个有效的治疗方法,在某些方面,可能比西医要好。

中医药在呼吸系统疾病中的作用体现在两方面,一个是慢性阻塞性疾病,如气道阻塞、哮喘病,一个是病毒感染性疾病。对慢性气道阻塞,有不少传统的很好的中药,即使到现在,许多西药提取基本上来自两个中药,其中一个是麻黄,另外一个是曼陀罗,也叫洋金花,目前已发展出很多化合药物。

我们在研究中发现,中药单方也好,复方也好,像板蓝根、连花清瘟胶囊,作用不是单纯的抗病毒。中药可以预防病毒进入体内,进入细胞内,如果病毒进入细胞内,中药可以预防它繁殖。中药跟西药的抗病毒概念不一样,中药还有一个全身性调节作用,这是中药的特色和长处。现在有比较多的西医相信中药,因为中医药研究在方法、技术和思维上,更多地采用了现代科研方法。

社会上常有所谓的灵丹妙药,打着中医药的幌子,骗了不少人,对中医药声誉是严重损害。同时,也要看到中医药研究在一些方面仍缺少现代科研方法支持。


汤钊猷院士:西医临床40年,一直同步用中医

中医学从大量实践出发,不断修正,经历了千百年考验,是祖先留给我们后人的宝贵财富和深刻启示。作为一名西医,我在40多年的临床诊疗生涯中,一直在使用中医,并不断总结着应用中的得失,如使用攻补兼施的“消积软坚方”和六味地黄丸补法等。

中医西医就像一枚硬币的两面是可以互补的。中西医结合治疗癌症,前景非常值得期待。在治癌方面,中医有不少思路已经被西医所证实,比如“清热解毒”,现代医学越来越多的证据提示癌症与炎症有着密切关系,而且已证明抗炎药(如阿司匹林等)有助治癌。

我一直在思考有没有可能建立 “中国特色的医学”。过去我出国,还有癌症的早期发现、早期诊断可以说说,如果没有这些,在国际会议上我们就没有多少话语权了。我们说的搞医学规范,这规范是谁定的?都是外国人。有没有我们自己的东西加进去?基本没有。但是我们中国的东西,比如说中医,它是不符合西方“规范”的,但实践证明,中西医结合对治疗癌症确实是有效的。

要想提高,就得出奇招。我觉得,这就是用辩证的眼光来看规范。规范只是相对一个时期内有用的,而变化、发展才是绝对的。毛泽东早在上世纪50年代就提出“中西医结合,创立我国新医学派”,我觉得这是我国医学发展值得长远思考的问题和方向。


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article------>{"id":18,"cid":2,"sub_cid":"","title":"四位院士力挺中医:中医解决了很多西医解决不了的问题,不能把老祖宗的东西丢了!","short_title":"0","tag_id":"","attr":"2","seo_title":"0","seo_keywords":"","seo_description":"1","source":"网络","author":"占豪","description":"四位院士力挺中医","img":"","content":"<p>几年前,国外抢注中医古方的新闻曾引起不少热议,2001年,日本一家公司向美国申请了治疗溃疡性结肠炎的专利,明确对以芍药为活性成分的包括加味逍遥散、当归芍药汤、芍药甘草汤、桂枝茯苓丸4个复方进行保护,并且获得了授权。日本还无偿商业化开发中国《伤寒杂病论》、《金匮要略方》中的210个古方。在这些古方被别人逐渐申请专利、针灸被很多西方国家接受的同时,国内很多人还在纠结中医是不是真的管用?根据公开报道和演讲,国内四位现代医学大家力挺中医!”</p><p><b>中国科学院院士 韩启德(分子药理与心血管专家)</b></p><p><b>中国工程院院士 钟南山(呼吸内科专家)</b></p><p><b>中国工程院院士 汤钊猷(肿瘤专家)</b></p><p><b>中国工程院院士 樊代明(消化外科专家)</b></p><p style=\"text-align: center;\"><img src=\"/public/uploads/qigong/20180629-09-56-26_16206_1530237310(1)副本.jpg\" style=\"max-width:100%;\" class=\"\"></p><p><b>韩启德院士:中医不科学不代表不正确</b></p><p>我不太同意中医是科学。中医是人的艺术,是我们要大力推崇的,中医能看好病,无可非议;中医要大力推广,要继承发扬,毫无问题。中医凭感觉、凭经验,但是说有没有经过实证?有。经过两三千年绵延不绝,中华民族繁荣昌盛,大量的病都看好了,这是事实。</p><p>我在农村当医生的时候,也学了中医,我给人看病,学了九个月就用中医,后来找我看中医的人不比找我看西医的人少。中医是好的,但不一定是科学的。科学并不在于正确,不科学不说明它不正确,不好。</p><p>我们对科学要有正确的理解,不要把科学跟绝对正确联系起来。科学只是我们人类文明发展到公元1500年以后,在这几百年里面,一部分地球人所认定的一种体系。而中医是我们中华民族几千年来所认定的体系,为什么一定要把两个体系去完全等同起来呢?我们应该有这个自信,也应该吸收互相之间的长处。</p><p>要学习中医的接诊之道</p><p>现在的西医几乎已经不碰病人了,裘法祖先生在世的时候提到一个故事,说一个病人肚子疼,找到他,他让到检查床摸了一下他肚子,这个病人就感动得掉眼泪,说你是我看的第六个医生,前面五个医生都没有碰过我一下肚子。我们西医已经到了这个地步!完全靠设备,完全靠人为确定的指标来解决问题。尽管有它很好的能解决问题的地方,但是确实离开病人越来越远,这就容易造成矛盾。</p><p>不说别的因素,中医来说首先要把脉,医生的手搭到了病人的手,如果再加上一个笑容,病人的感觉跟我等了几个小时,看到医生头都不抬,化验单一开检查去,感觉很不一样。</p><p>我看中医的体会就是中医容易跟病人搞好关系。西医来问你怎么不舒服?我也不知道怎么不舒服,就是难受。西医看所有检查都没有问题,然后说你没病,病人不生气吗?我要你干吗?我就是难受,你说我没病?中医不会这样,我当中医,病人刚走进来我就知道他大概是什么问题,然后坐下来,在农村的时候,妇女坐下来给你一个胳膊,什么也不说,我就知道她要我把脉是不是怀孕了。</p><p>中西医不要互相排斥</p><p>西医因为是现代科学,确实解决了很多问题,跟一百多年前比解决了很多很多的问题。但是,一方面离解决人类所有的疾病,预防、治疗还差得很远。另一方面,整个现代医学有点忘记了医学的最根本是人,我们开始把人当作机器,当作局部,忘了人是会思想的,什么东西都看片子,看化验,所以现代技术的发展使我们开始远离人文,这是非常危险的倾向。</p><p>中国人应该有这个志气,得天独厚的是我们有中医这个宝库,尽管它很不完善,需要有现代科学不断使它更好的发展,但是就现代医学方面,我们跟现代西方国家有什么差别呢?我们有自己独特的东西为什么不能应用呢?</p><p>我们中国人应该有志气,把中医和西医里面最优秀的成份给它结合起来,创造出真正的现代医学,什么东西都要往前发展,如果不发展,不管是现代医学还是中医都是没有出路的,都要往前发展。</p><p style=\"text-align: center;\"><img src=\"/public/uploads/qigong/20180629-09-58-42_14285_1530237497(1)副本.jpg\" style=\"max-width:100%;\"><br></p><p><b>樊代明院士:中医比肩现代医学且不可替代</b></p><p>中医不用“挺”,它自己“挺”了几千年,需要我们好好去学。学中医不是否定西医;就像说西医好,一定不要随便说中医不好。对此,我有四句话:</p><p>一是在人类历史上,中医药学从未像今天这样受到强调和尊重;</p><p>二是在世界医学领域中,中医药学已发展成唯一可与现代医学(西医药学)比肩的第二大医学体系;</p><p>三是中医药解决了很多西医解决不了的问题,显示其不可替代性;</p><p>四是中医药学必然成为未来医学发展和整合医学时代的主要贡献者。</p><p>第一句话,屠呦呦研究员获2015年诺贝尔医学或生理学奖,是当今国际主流医学界对中医药学价值的认可,这种认可程度前所未有!</p><p>第二句话。在人类文明发展史上,各种医学不断产生又不断消亡,唯有中医药学有完整的理论基础与临床体系,历经风雨不倒,不断发展完善,为中华民族繁衍壮大做出巨大贡献。即使在西医占主导地位的当下,中医药依然以其显著疗效和独特魅力,在越来越多国家掀起了经久不息的“中医热”。</p><p>甚至在有的领域,中医药学远远走在了现代医学的前面。比如,对于顽固性腹泻,西医一直没有什么有效手段,直到近几年在国外兴起的用肠菌移植治疗法,才明显提升了疗效。而在几千年前的中国医学典籍如《肘后方》《黄帝内经》,甚至更早时期,即有记载“口服胎粪”等类似疗法。</p><p>再如,现代医学认为,人的生命力中午12点最强,夜里12点最弱。我年轻时当住院医生值夜班时就发现,半夜去世的病人最多。这不就是国际上已经认可的我们中医的“子午流注”么?</p><p>再看第三句话,临床中这方面例子不胜枚举。比如,西医急腹症手术能解决急症救人性命,但术后肠胀气有时很难解决,严重影响手术效果。针灸就能搞定!当年尼克松访华,有一位美国记者来华打前站,不巧突发阑尾炎,在协和医院做了手术。手术本身很成功,但术后肠胀气解决不了,后来是针灸给解决的。这位记者回国后写了篇报道反响很大,直接推动了针灸进入美国等很多西方国家。</p><p>第四句话,中医药学必然成为未来医学发展和整合医学时代的主要贡献者。现代医学发展之路有些走偏了,离“科学”越来越近,离“病人”越来越远;医学研究越来越纠结于微观,离整体越来越远。现代医学需要向中医药学学习,来帮助自己“纠偏”。在此基础上,两者整合可以形成一个从整体出发、重点关注“人”的、真正有效保证人类健康的新的医学体系。</p><p>我们西医不能也不应该看不起中医!至于有些既不太懂科学、又不太懂医学的议论,不要太在意。有人说真理越辩越明,我看还要以实践说话、疗效说话!</p><p style=\"text-align: center;\"><img src=\"/public/uploads/qigong/20180629-10-00-46_11589_1530237666(1)副本.jpg\" style=\"max-width:100%;\"><br></p><p><b>钟南山院士:中医药可贵之处在于治未病</b></p><p>中医药最可贵之处是“治未病”,调节改善全身的功能状态,最突出的是注重整体的理念,广东的国医大师邓铁涛是我的老朋友,他100岁了,每天还在打八段锦。中医保健是很可取的。</p><p>不过中医保健要多做临床观察,举个例子,不少人喜欢广东新会的陈皮茶,认为喝这种茶有助于将吸入体内的灰霾排出,它是否真的有用?我们最近在做动物实验,观察它们服食前后气道反应和分泌物的情况,从而进行对比。这样的临床观察既有趣,也能促进药物研发。</p><p>现在越来越多的西医开始临床使用中医药,相信这是一个有效的治疗方法,在某些方面,可能比西医要好。</p><p>中医药在呼吸系统疾病中的作用体现在两方面,一个是慢性阻塞性疾病,如气道阻塞、哮喘病,一个是病毒感染性疾病。对慢性气道阻塞,有不少传统的很好的中药,即使到现在,许多西药提取基本上来自两个中药,其中一个是麻黄,另外一个是曼陀罗,也叫洋金花,目前已发展出很多化合药物。</p><p>我们在研究中发现,中药单方也好,复方也好,像板蓝根、连花清瘟胶囊,作用不是单纯的抗病毒。中药可以预防病毒进入体内,进入细胞内,如果病毒进入细胞内,中药可以预防它繁殖。中药跟西药的抗病毒概念不一样,中药还有一个全身性调节作用,这是中药的特色和长处。现在有比较多的西医相信中药,因为中医药研究在方法、技术和思维上,更多地采用了现代科研方法。</p><p>社会上常有所谓的灵丹妙药,打着中医药的幌子,骗了不少人,对中医药声誉是严重损害。同时,也要看到中医药研究在一些方面仍缺少现代科研方法支持。</p><p style=\"text-align: center;\"><img src=\"/public/uploads/qigong/20180629-10-02-19_14300_1530237759(1)副本.jpg\" style=\"max-width:100%;\"><br></p><p><b>汤钊猷院士:西医临床40年,一直同步用中医</b><br></p><p>中医学从大量实践出发,不断修正,经历了千百年考验,是祖先留给我们后人的宝贵财富和深刻启示。作为一名西医,我在40多年的临床诊疗生涯中,一直在使用中医,并不断总结着应用中的得失,如使用攻补兼施的“消积软坚方”和六味地黄丸补法等。</p><p>中医西医就像一枚硬币的两面是可以互补的。中西医结合治疗癌症,前景非常值得期待。在治癌方面,中医有不少思路已经被西医所证实,比如“清热解毒”,现代医学越来越多的证据提示癌症与炎症有着密切关系,而且已证明抗炎药(如阿司匹林等)有助治癌。</p><p>我一直在思考有没有可能建立 \n“中国特色的医学”。过去我出国,还有癌症的早期发现、早期诊断可以说说,如果没有这些,在国际会议上我们就没有多少话语权了。我们说的搞医学规范,这规范是谁定的?都是外国人。有没有我们自己的东西加进去?基本没有。但是我们中国的东西,比如说中医,它是不符合西方“规范”的,但实践证明,中西医结合对治疗癌症确实是有效的。</p><p>\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n</p><p>要想提高,就得出奇招。我觉得,这就是用辩证的眼光来看规范。规范只是相对一个时期内有用的,而变化、发展才是绝对的。毛泽东早在上世纪50年代就提出“中西医结合,创立我国新医学派”,我觉得这是我国医学发展值得长远思考的问题和方向。</p><p><br></p>","status":0,"pv":2820,"link":"1","createdAt":"2018-06-29 01:47:56","updatedAt":"2024-02-21 12:03:23","field":{},"tags":[]}

article.tags------>[]

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