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大雁功静功入门

2018-07-05 03:11:29 admin 阅读(1524)

「导读」大雁功静功入门

第二章 大雁功静功入门

第一节 正确认识练静功的目的和意义

大雁功静功是道家昆仑派整套功法中的一个重要组成部分。在练好动功的基础上,结合静功练习,可以进一步调动内气,疏通经络,达到有病治病,无病强身之目的。

大雁功静功具有以静为主,静中有动,外静内动的特点。在学练静功的过程中,如果对形导和意导方法掌握得正确,则练功的效果明显,而且周天运行通得快,周天可自然形成。小周天可以顺着走,即气从督脉上行沿任脉下行,也可以逆着行,即气从任脉上行沿督脉下行。但在练功时,不能有杂念,练功过程中一旦出现幻觉时不要惊慌,要按练功目的正确对待。总之,真正将静功练好,能起到大雁功动功所起不到的效果,其妙用无穷。

第二节 练好静功的几种形式和方法

大雁功静功有立、行、坐、卧等多种静功姿势,但在实践中又以坐功为主,在坐功里又有垂腿与盘腿之分。现就静功坐功的五种方法分述如下。

(一)自然沉气法:坐在凳上三寸,露出会阴,上身与大腿成90度或大于90度,大腿与小腿成90度或大于90度,两脚平行与肩同宽,颈项直,舌舔上腭,牙齿轻扣,嘴微闭,自然呼吸。全身放松,然后双手捧气从头前上方往下贯气,气沉在下丹田或涌泉穴,接着垂帘,眼慢慢往下看,先看鼻尖,再内看膻中,最后内看到下丹田,将双眼轻轻合上。尽量做到“勿物勿我,”排除杂念,双手心放在梁丘穴上,手大拇指轻贴在血海穴上。开始做功。

(二)默念法:这种方法主要是帮助初学练静功和在练静功中不能很好入静的练者放松入静,进入练气功的状态。因为在初学练气功时,往往思想不易集中,一闭眼后,浮想联翩,勾起生活、工作、学习、同志间的关系等等。游动不安,不能收到练静功的效果。面对此类问题可采用默念法,而默念“功……,成……。”二字。这“功成”二字是道家昆仑派静功的基本默念法。用这种方法,可以解决初练静功者的思想游动问题,帮助人体松静空下来,达到练功的效果。身体姿势与自然沉气法同。

(三)调息法:身体姿势与要领同自然沉气法,入静后,采用腹式呼吸,即吸气时鼓小腹,呼气时收小腹,也可以用逆腹式呼吸法,进入练功状态,在练功过程中以达胎息法为最佳。鼻呼吸时要自然畅通,做到深、长、细、匀的腹式呼吸,切忌浅、短、粗、急促的胸式呼吸法。

(四)散气法:这种方法,是在前三种方法的前提下,小周天通了后,能掌握气的运行,方可学练。即把内气、周天气调集到人体的病区,意念驱散体内的病气,以达身体强健舒适。此种方法在练功过程中可以稍带点意念——即意导,来完成这种练功方法。

(五)体外周天法:姿势与要领同自然沉气法。只是在做功时通过形体和意导,将体内的气从脚下排出,然后把自然界的气从百会或者大椎穴贯入体内,进行体内、体外周天往复大循环。但在学练第四和第五这两种方法时,要随着功夫的增长,具有扎实的功底后才能学练体外周天法。

以上五种方法的收功方法都是:两手合拢搓掌7次后,用手指或手心揉按眼7次,然后双手自然梳头,慢慢睁开眼睛后,两手捧气经过头前上方向上、中、下丹田贯气,稍停片刻方可起身活动。

上述静功除垂腿坐外,还有盘腿坐,其要领上身竖直,舌舔上腭,牙齿轻扣,嘴微闭,左腿弯盘在里,脚置于右大腿下,右腿弯盘在外,脚放在左大腿下,形成自由盘式。两手心分别轻放在膝盖的梁丘穴上,大拇指轻点在血海穴上,肩要放松,两臂要圆,尽量做到“勿物勿我”的状态下,开始练功。

大雁功静功,还有一种方法是静坐排病毒功。其方法是:放松、入静,坐在凳子上后,将左腿微弯放在前,而脚的外侧着地,脚尖朝前,右腿弯曲在后,脚外侧着地,脚尖对准左脚的脚跟,间距约七寸(同身寸)。左手心对准左腿阳陵泉穴,右手心对准右腿梁丘穴,但双手都不贴身,约离开一寸即可。如果手旋空有酸累的感觉,可以贴在对准的穴位上,练舒适后再离开,继续作。但在做功时要加意导,即默念“病气入地,毒气入土”。其余要领同自然沉气法。

一次静功练多少时间,没有具体规定,但初学练静功者时间可短一些,一般10分钟左右,随着练功功夫的加深,可以逐渐增加练功时间到30分钟左右。然而,环境允许,也可以时间更长一点,可练一个小时或一个小时以上。如果条件不许可,也可以练的时间短一点。以练功后舒适为原则。

第三节 练静功应注意的事项

(一)练好大雁功,要把静、松、空贯串静功的全过程。

(1)静:就是安静的意思,即练功的环境要清静,空气要新鲜,形体要“恬淡虚无”。

(2)松:就是要思想松,人体肌肉松,所有关节、骨骼放松。

(3)空:就是要求练功者什么事情都不要去想,在练功时所见到的周围的一切事物,意味着未见到一样,听见了的事情,好象没有听见一样,力求做到“勿物勿我”。

(二)在练功中要注意“七情”和“六淫”的干扰。喜、怒、忧、思、悲、恐、惊七情和风、寒、暑、湿、燥、火六淫,是自然界客观上对人体导病的要素,但又都是受主观意识所能控制的。

过喜易伤心,发怒易伤肝,忧愁过甚伤胃,苦思伤脾,悲过度了伤肺,恐惧伤胆,惊伤肾。故在练功时一定要用自己的主观意识去控制以致克服客观因素对练功的干扰。同时,注意自然环境的变化,如遇打雷、下大雨,不能练静功。

(三)练功中还要注意上古之人说的“起居有常,饮食有节,节制房事,不忘劳作”,按照现代语来说,“起居有常”就是一个人一天的生活,包括睡觉起床,应该有规律。

“饮食有节”,就是说每天练功,饭不要吃得过饱,也不要空肚子练功,同时,饮食不要吃得太好(鱼,肉过多),也要注意营养充足,要适当调剂口味,可多吃青素菜、豆类食品。饭前饭后30分钟不要练功。

“节制房事”,就是说夫妻之间性生活一定要有节制,否则影响练功效益。要按照古人所说,“春一,秋二、夏三、冬藏”来节制房事活动。

“不忘劳作”,就是说一个人,尤其是老年人和脑力劳动者,要作一些适当的力所能及的劳动。既能巩固练功的成效,又能保持健康长寿。“动静,乐寿”;“生命在于运动”都是说的这个道理。

(四)练好静劝还要注意衣着宽松,穿着不要太紧,否则在练功时,影响行气,另外在练功前要排空大、小便,以免影响练功时放松、入静。

(五)注意在练功中不要因受惊后急着睁眼,起身就行,如遇受惊后,仍然按收功要领,莫惊慌,慢慢把功收好,再起身行走,以免出现头昏、胸闷等不适之感。

后记

大雁功这一中华传统文化之瑰宝,历经道家千年内部的隔代传承,历经杨梅君宗师及大雁功实践者在新中国近百年的艰辛实践,为人体科学领域的研究发展,群众身体素质的提高,做出了一些贡献。随着新时代群众体育运动的蓬勃开展,和党中央文化大发展大繁荣号角的吹响,大雁功必将为提高全民族的健康水平和实现中华民族的文化复兴作出应有的贡献。

为使广大读者了解大雁功当代的发展历程,摘取我多年前的一篇文章,记录了我与大雁功的一些故事,以下是文章原文。


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article------>{"id":156,"cid":25,"sub_cid":"","title":"大雁功静功入门","short_title":"0","tag_id":"","attr":"2,1","seo_title":"0","seo_keywords":"","seo_description":"1","source":"网络","author":"admin","description":"大雁功静功入门","img":"","content":"<p>第二章 大雁功静功入门</p><p>第一节 正确认识练静功的目的和意义</p><p>大雁功静功是道家昆仑派整套功法中的一个重要组成部分。在练好动功的基础上,结合静功练习,可以进一步调动内气,疏通经络,达到有病治病,无病强身之目的。</p><p>大雁功静功具有以静为主,静中有动,外静内动的特点。在学练静功的过程中,如果对形导和意导方法掌握得正确,则练功的效果明显,而且周天运行通得快,周天可自然形成。小周天可以顺着走,即气从督脉上行沿任脉下行,也可以逆着行,即气从任脉上行沿督脉下行。但在练功时,不能有杂念,练功过程中一旦出现幻觉时不要惊慌,要按练功目的正确对待。总之,真正将静功练好,能起到大雁功动功所起不到的效果,其妙用无穷。</p><p>第二节 练好静功的几种形式和方法</p><p>大雁功静功有立、行、坐、卧等多种静功姿势,但在实践中又以坐功为主,在坐功里又有垂腿与盘腿之分。现就静功坐功的五种方法分述如下。</p><p>(一)自然沉气法:坐在凳上三寸,露出会阴,上身与大腿成90度或大于90度,大腿与小腿成90度或大于90度,两脚平行与肩同宽,颈项直,舌舔上腭,牙齿轻扣,嘴微闭,自然呼吸。全身放松,然后双手捧气从头前上方往下贯气,气沉在下丹田或涌泉穴,接着垂帘,眼慢慢往下看,先看鼻尖,再内看膻中,最后内看到下丹田,将双眼轻轻合上。尽量做到“勿物勿我,”排除杂念,双手心放在梁丘穴上,手大拇指轻贴在血海穴上。开始做功。</p><p>(二)默念法:这种方法主要是帮助初学练静功和在练静功中不能很好入静的练者放松入静,进入练气功的状态。因为在初学练气功时,往往思想不易集中,一闭眼后,浮想联翩,勾起生活、工作、学习、同志间的关系等等。游动不安,不能收到练静功的效果。面对此类问题可采用默念法,而默念“功……,成……。”二字。这“功成”二字是道家昆仑派静功的基本默念法。用这种方法,可以解决初练静功者的思想游动问题,帮助人体松静空下来,达到练功的效果。身体姿势与自然沉气法同。</p><p>(三)调息法:身体姿势与要领同自然沉气法,入静后,采用腹式呼吸,即吸气时鼓小腹,呼气时收小腹,也可以用逆腹式呼吸法,进入练功状态,在练功过程中以达胎息法为最佳。鼻呼吸时要自然畅通,做到深、长、细、匀的腹式呼吸,切忌浅、短、粗、急促的胸式呼吸法。</p><p>(四)散气法:这种方法,是在前三种方法的前提下,小周天通了后,能掌握气的运行,方可学练。即把内气、周天气调集到人体的病区,意念驱散体内的病气,以达身体强健舒适。此种方法在练功过程中可以稍带点意念——即意导,来完成这种练功方法。</p><p>(五)体外周天法:姿势与要领同自然沉气法。只是在做功时通过形体和意导,将体内的气从脚下排出,然后把自然界的气从百会或者大椎穴贯入体内,进行体内、体外周天往复大循环。但在学练第四和第五这两种方法时,要随着功夫的增长,具有扎实的功底后才能学练体外周天法。</p><p>以上五种方法的收功方法都是:两手合拢搓掌7次后,用手指或手心揉按眼7次,然后双手自然梳头,慢慢睁开眼睛后,两手捧气经过头前上方向上、中、下丹田贯气,稍停片刻方可起身活动。</p><p>上述静功除垂腿坐外,还有盘腿坐,其要领上身竖直,舌舔上腭,牙齿轻扣,嘴微闭,左腿弯盘在里,脚置于右大腿下,右腿弯盘在外,脚放在左大腿下,形成自由盘式。两手心分别轻放在膝盖的梁丘穴上,大拇指轻点在血海穴上,肩要放松,两臂要圆,尽量做到“勿物勿我”的状态下,开始练功。</p><p>大雁功静功,还有一种方法是静坐排病毒功。其方法是:放松、入静,坐在凳子上后,将左腿微弯放在前,而脚的外侧着地,脚尖朝前,右腿弯曲在后,脚外侧着地,脚尖对准左脚的脚跟,间距约七寸(同身寸)。左手心对准左腿阳陵泉穴,右手心对准右腿梁丘穴,但双手都不贴身,约离开一寸即可。如果手旋空有酸累的感觉,可以贴在对准的穴位上,练舒适后再离开,继续作。但在做功时要加意导,即默念“病气入地,毒气入土”。其余要领同自然沉气法。</p><p>一次静功练多少时间,没有具体规定,但初学练静功者时间可短一些,一般10分钟左右,随着练功功夫的加深,可以逐渐增加练功时间到30分钟左右。然而,环境允许,也可以时间更长一点,可练一个小时或一个小时以上。如果条件不许可,也可以练的时间短一点。以练功后舒适为原则。</p><p>第三节 练静功应注意的事项</p><p>(一)练好大雁功,要把静、松、空贯串静功的全过程。</p><p>(1)静:就是安静的意思,即练功的环境要清静,空气要新鲜,形体要“恬淡虚无”。</p><p>(2)松:就是要思想松,人体肌肉松,所有关节、骨骼放松。</p><p>(3)空:就是要求练功者什么事情都不要去想,在练功时所见到的周围的一切事物,意味着未见到一样,听见了的事情,好象没有听见一样,力求做到“勿物勿我”。</p><p>(二)在练功中要注意“七情”和“六淫”的干扰。喜、怒、忧、思、悲、恐、惊七情和风、寒、暑、湿、燥、火六淫,是自然界客观上对人体导病的要素,但又都是受主观意识所能控制的。</p><p>过喜易伤心,发怒易伤肝,忧愁过甚伤胃,苦思伤脾,悲过度了伤肺,恐惧伤胆,惊伤肾。故在练功时一定要用自己的主观意识去控制以致克服客观因素对练功的干扰。同时,注意自然环境的变化,如遇打雷、下大雨,不能练静功。</p><p>(三)练功中还要注意上古之人说的“起居有常,饮食有节,节制房事,不忘劳作”,按照现代语来说,“起居有常”就是一个人一天的生活,包括睡觉起床,应该有规律。</p><p>“饮食有节”,就是说每天练功,饭不要吃得过饱,也不要空肚子练功,同时,饮食不要吃得太好(鱼,肉过多),也要注意营养充足,要适当调剂口味,可多吃青素菜、豆类食品。饭前饭后30分钟不要练功。</p><p>“节制房事”,就是说夫妻之间性生活一定要有节制,否则影响练功效益。要按照古人所说,“春一,秋二、夏三、冬藏”来节制房事活动。</p><p>“不忘劳作”,就是说一个人,尤其是老年人和脑力劳动者,要作一些适当的力所能及的劳动。既能巩固练功的成效,又能保持健康长寿。“动静,乐寿”;“生命在于运动”都是说的这个道理。</p><p>(四)练好静劝还要注意衣着宽松,穿着不要太紧,否则在练功时,影响行气,另外在练功前要排空大、小便,以免影响练功时放松、入静。</p><p>(五)注意在练功中不要因受惊后急着睁眼,起身就行,如遇受惊后,仍然按收功要领,莫惊慌,慢慢把功收好,再起身行走,以免出现头昏、胸闷等不适之感。</p><p>后记</p><p>大雁功这一中华传统文化之瑰宝,历经道家千年内部的隔代传承,历经杨梅君宗师及大雁功实践者在新中国近百年的艰辛实践,为人体科学领域的研究发展,群众身体素质的提高,做出了一些贡献。随着新时代群众体育运动的蓬勃开展,和党中央文化大发展大繁荣号角的吹响,大雁功必将为提高全民族的健康水平和实现中华民族的文化复兴作出应有的贡献。</p><p>\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n</p><p>为使广大读者了解大雁功当代的发展历程,摘取我多年前的一篇文章,记录了我与大雁功的一些故事,以下是文章原文。</p><p><br></p>","status":0,"pv":1524,"link":"1","createdAt":"2018-07-05 03:11:29","updatedAt":"2024-07-21 05:01:00","field":{},"tags":[]}

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